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Motivating People - Theory X vs Theory Y
Over 50 years ago, a social psychologist Douglas McGregor of MIT published a book outlining his research of two contrasting management styles: Theory X and Theory Y.
He argued that Theory X, based on hierarchy and power, was an outdated authoritarian “top-down” way of managing people. Theory Y, he proposed, was an improved, alternative method of management, one that was more participative and synergistic.
- Define Theory X and Y management styles
- Describe Theory X and Y from the management’s and worker’s perspective
- Differentiate between Theory X and Theory Y managerial styles